How to Refinish Your Hardwood Floors

Hardwood Floor Refinishing NJ is an easy, affordable, and relatively hassle-free process that breathes new life into a room. However, doing the job correctly is important to ensure long-lasting results and protect your investment.

Hardwood Floor Refinishing

Vacuuming between each step is a must, especially after sanding. It’s also essential to take the time to address water damage, as it will impact how well your stain adheres.

Hardwood floors are durable and long-lasting but they’re not impervious to spills, dog nails, chair legs and general wear. Over time, this can cause noticeable scratches and uneven staining that can affect the overall look of your home. Refinishing hardwood flooring involves sanding the existing boards and then applying a new coat of stain.

Before you begin the sanding process, make sure to remove all furniture and other floor items. Cover any wall items like pictures or curtains with plastic and painter’s tape to protect them from dust. It’s also a good idea to seal any vent ducts in the room where you’re working so that sanding dust doesn’t travel through your entire house.

It’s important to take your time when sanding. Aim to get the entire surface of the wood evenly sanded. If you rush this step, it can damage the integrity of your floor and make it more difficult to apply the new finish.

After you’ve finished sanding, vacuum the floor and wipe it down with a tack cloth to remove any remaining dust. If you have any rough areas, fill them with wood putty and sand again using medium-grade sandpaper. Be sure to pay special attention to corners and edges, where splinters may be present.

If you’re planning to change the color of your hardwood floors, this is the ideal opportunity to do so. However, be aware that restained floors can only be refinished four to six times in their lifetime, so it’s essential to choose the right color the first time around.

When it comes to refinishing, you have two options: do-it-yourself or hire a professional. The decision really depends on your comfort level, skill set and available time. Refinishing is a labor-intensive job that requires the use of specialized tools and skills to ensure a smooth, even application. Hiring a professional is the best choice for those who don’t feel comfortable handling this task on their own.


Hardwood floors add beauty and value to your home. However, they aren’t invincible and over time they can show signs of wear and tear such as scuff marks, scratches, or a dull finish. When this happens, it’s important to take action. Refinishing your hardwood floors can restore their appearance and rekindle the original shine they had when you first installed them. Refinishing your floors also provides a new layer of protection that can help extend the life of your flooring and protect against future damage.

The process of refinishing isn’t as complicated as it might seem at first glance. In fact, there are several different methods of refinishing your wood floor. Choosing the right one will depend on a number of factors including your lifestyle, the amount of foot traffic in your home, and the room decor. For example, if you have children or pets, a matte or semi-gloss finish may be a good choice because these finishes are more durable and easier to clean. On the other hand, if you are looking for a dramatic change in the look of your floor, you may want to consider a glossy or high-shine finish.

Regardless of the type of finish you choose, you can improve your wood floor’s appearance without having to completely refinish it by removing existing scuffs and dirt from its surface. One of the most popular methods of doing this is called buffing, which can be performed by a professional or on your own. To buff your floors, start by sweeping them with a soft bristle broom to remove any dust and dirt that has built up. Next, vacuum the floor and then mop it with a micro cloth and a concentrated cleaner for wood floors. Avoid using steam, water, or cleaners that produce bubbles or suds.

After mopping, allow the floor to dry thoroughly. Once it has, replace the furniture, drapes, and any other room accessories. Be sure to keep the area warm and ventilated during this process, as it can be messy. If you are doing this on your own, follow the manufacturer’s instructions for the product you are using. For example, if you are using a water-based polyurethane, allow the coats to dry between each application.


Staining is a crucial step in the hardwood floor refinishing process. It can change the color of your floors to fit your personal style or to match the decor of your home. This can also hide damage or blemishes on your wood flooring that sanding may not be able to fix.

When staining your floors, make sure you follow the manufacturer’s directions and allow it to dry completely before using. During this time, it is best to open windows and use a respirator so that the room is properly ventilated. Work on small sections at a time, such as a four-foot square, and remove any excess with a rag before moving on to the next section. This prevents lap marks and ensures that the stain is evenly applied across all surfaces.

After stains have dried, it’s time to seal your floors. A high-quality sealant will protect your floors from damage, scuffing and other wear. It will also enhance the appearance of your hardwood floors, making them look shiny and new.

Before applying a sealant, sand and vacuum the floor again to remove any dust or debris left behind from the sanding. You can choose to apply two or three coats of the polyurethane, depending on your preference. When choosing the number of coats, remember that more isn’t always better. Three coats is considered the optimum amount for hardwood floors.

While resurfacing is a great option for those who want to save money on a full refinish, it’s important to note that it won’t cover major scratches or dents in the floorboards. If you have severe water damage, it’s best to consult with a BCC to get an assessment of your flooring and determine if refinishing is necessary.

It’s also important to remember that there is a limit to how many times you can refinish your floors. On average, solid hardwood planks at least 3/4 inches thick can be refinished four to six times in their lifetime. If you refinish your floors too frequently, they will eventually begin to show signs of damage and may need replacing.


The last step in hardwood floor refinishing is to apply a new coat of finish. This can be either a clear polyurethane or a colored stain, depending on the look you want to achieve. We usually recommend a minimum of three coats of finish to provide adequate protection for your hardwood floors. During this process, it’s important to use the same care as you did when preparing your hardwood for refinishing. It is recommended that furniture be moved outside of the room to avoid getting any dust on it, and the area should be kept dry until the last coat has dried.

If your hardwood floors are showing signs of wear and tear, refinishing them is an excellent option. Refinishing is a more extensive process than resurfacing, and involves sanding down the entire surface of your wood floors to remove any imperfections and give them a fresh look. This is often necessary if your flooring has sustained significant damage, such as major scratches, gouges or discoloration.

A floor resurfacer is more of a do-it-yourself alternative to refinishing, and can be a good choice for homeowners on a tighter budget. A floor resurfacer is generally less expensive than refinishing, and is a quicker way to revitalize your floors. However, it’s important to note that a resurfacer is not as durable as a refinish, and may require more maintenance down the road.

Before you begin resurfacing your floors, you’ll need to move any furniture out of the room and remove any rugs or other items. The resurfacing process can generate a lot of dust, so it’s best to take precautions by covering any items in the room with plastic and taping down any areas where paint or wood shavings might fall off. The resurfacing process is also significantly faster than refinishing, and will allow you to get back into your home sooner.

When resurfacing your hardwood floors, it’s recommended that you use a floor sander with a fine-grit attachment to avoid damaging the wood. Once the sanding is complete, it’s important to thoroughly clean the floor to ensure that any remaining dust is removed. It’s also important to choose a high-quality finish, such as a polyurethane, and make sure that you’re applying a minimum of three coats.